How To Grow Sweet Potatoes

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How To Grow Sweet Potatoes

Sweet potatoes are forward crops that can thrive in hot conditions and resistant ones they are grown. This crop does not need high fertility of soil nor even a lot of organic matter for its growth. Planting of this crop comes later than most of the spring plants which gives you a chance to deal with transplanting first. After sweet potato plants cover the surface, they need less attention apart from just watering them until when they are harvested.

There are so many people who refer sweet potatoes as yams, but that is not right. Sweet potatoes are relatives to morning glory plants. They are roots and not tubers and so cannot even resemble yams. A true yam is a tropical tuber and not morning glory relatives. That is all about. That is all about yams!

One baked sweet potato which is 114 grams contain 185% RDA of vitamin A, 28% the RDA of vitamin C, 100% OF VITAMIN E,  160 calories and a lot of antioxidants. It has no fat.

The main threat to sweet potatoes are deer and are best controlled with guns, dogs, and fences.

Varieties Of Sweet Potatoes:

  1. Georgia jet-This is the modern variety which can grow to maturity in just 90 days
  2. Traditional sweet potatoes- they can be yellow, purple and white
  3. Ornamental sweet potatoes- they are normally used for beauty purposes. You can get some with a fancy cut or heart-shaped leaves
  4. Bunch Porto Ricco- they have short vines, and they are the most suitable for places with less space.

Requirements For The Growth Of Sweet Potatoes

You only need sunshine and warmth to grow sweet potato crops. Fast maturing sweet potato plants require about 1200 growing degree days (GDD) when calculated on a base temperature of 55 degrees F to yield good produce.  Using black plastic mulch, hoophouse or row cover can help to increase the GDD. Day time temperatures of 90 degrees F with 70 degrees F nights.

How To Grow Sweet Potatoes

Sweet potatoes are usually planted two weeks after the last frost. The soil which you use to plant sweet potatoes should reach a temperature of 65 degrees F at a depth of four inches on four consecutive days.

Some prefer to transfer sweet potato slips from the greenhouse when they have grown about two leaves rather than rushing them out to the field.

For the big potatoes, you need to plant the slips vertically. For the average ones but rather large total yields, you need to plant the sweet potato slips horizontally 2-3 inches down the soil. You need to have 3-5 leaf nodes underneath the soil and only the tip outside. This helps to give the plant a second chance to grow if frost strikes it.

If you are planting during a dry season, you need to water the soil first and then leave the soil in the damp compost as you are planting. When planting sweet potatoes, the soil is normally raised to reduce damage during the floods. You can raise the sweet potato hills before you plant the sweet potatoes.

But if you are planting your sweet potatoes in colder areas, you need to use black plastic mulch in order to warm the already formed hills. You need to do that about three weeks before you transfer your sweet potato slips. Using black plastic mulch also increases the rate of growth of the sweet potatoes and also increase the amount of yield.

There are those who have planted sweet potatoes on bare grounds and then used the over-head irrigation system. This is good though as it ensures that plants get adequate water during growth, but the problem is that this type of irrigation of the plant results to the growth of bad weeds around the crop.

Due to the shortcomings of overhead irrigation, most people are now using drip tape for irrigation. The good thing with this type of irrigation is that it results in a few weeds and also reduces the amount of water that goes to waste. The only difficulty when using drip irrigation is that it is difficult to keep the drip tape on the ridge. Luckily, there is a way. People now plant sweet potato sleeps on the alternate sides of the tape.

These days, people are using ridges, drip tape, and biodegradable plastic mulch and surprisingly, they experience fewer weeds!

Using biodegradable plastic

Biodegradable plastics are good in that they warm the soil and also helps to get higher yields out of sweet potatoes. It also makes the grown weeds to biodegrade after a few weeks and therefore, do not need you to remove the weeds yourself.

Stages of sweet potato development

Your sweet potato plants won’t grow during the first few weeks of transplanting the plant. But that shouldn’t make you to worry. That is the stage of root development. Sweet potato roots can go up to 8 cm down the ground in 40 days. You just need to apply an inch of water per week as it is needed by the plant and then pull the weeds when they appear.

During the second month, the vines start to grow. The roots start to store starch and sugar close to the base of the stem. You will realize that the weeds will stop growing ones the vines cover the ground.

After about three to four months, sweet potatoes start growing, and vines slow down its growth. Unlike the white potatoes, which usually die when the tip stops growing, sweet potatoes do not stop growing, and so you can decide when you want to dig them out before the onset of the cold weather.

The longer you wait before you dig them out, the bigger the potato grows. The problem with waiting is that you cannot be sure of the weather. You need to make ensure that you dig the potatoes out before the temperatures go below 55 degrees F. when this happens, you risk your potatoes being permanently damaged.

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How To Cool A Grow Tent Using Air Conditioner
12 Tips for Gardening in Grow Tents

Selecting The Right Aquarium Water Pump

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Whether you are new to aquarium activities or an experienced one, your main objective is to have a healthy and thriving aquatic environment for your water plants and animals. To achieve that, one of the most important things that you need to do is to make the right decision when choosing the right aquarium water pumps.

When you want to buy a water pump, there are several things that you need to consider. Apart from the type of water pump and the size, there are also some other important things that you need to look at. Here are things that you need to look at when choosing an aquarium air pump.

Filtration type

It is crucial for you to know the type of filter system that is best for the type of aquarium that you are planning for. Actually, the type of filter paper that you choose will determine the type of water pump that you will need.

Desired flow rate

You need to know if the inhabitants of your aquarium, either fish or aquarium plants require a greater flow rate of the water like the saltwater fish or just a little flow rate like the planted aquarium. You, therefore, need to research on the flow rate that is fit for the type of aquarium that you are planning for.

Plumbing and head point

You need to know the type of plumbing that will be installed in your aquarium. Are you going to use a lot of elbows or sharp turns in your aquarium? You also need to know where your filtration system will be located. Will it be directly under the aquarium? Will it be in the basement or in another room? It is also important to consider the total distance the pump will be required to pump the water.

Height is also an important thing that you need to consider when choosing a water pump. This is because very high heights which are more than 6 feet create high levels of back pressure.

Additional services

You also need to know if your aquarium will need additional filtration services or not. Will it require temperature control devices like the UV sterilizers or not? Protein skimmers or chillers?

You need to know that apart from the water pump powering your filtration system and enabling water movement in your aquarium, water pumps also help to power other devices that are important in the aquarium like the protein skimmers. They also help to drain or fill the tank. Apart from all those, water pumps also help to mix up salty water in holding tanks for water changes.

If you are looking for a water pump to power your filtration system, there are two different types that you can consider to buy. You can buy the submersible one or the he in-line one. You can also consider buying water pumps like Mag Drive Pumps and the Eheim hobby pumps that can be used both for submersible and in-line purposes.

Submersible water pumps

Submersible water pumps are operated underwater, in the sump of a wet/dry filtration system. They get draw water from the filter and push it back to the tank or through other systems such as sterilization units or chillers.

Advantages of submersible water pump

  • They are easy to install. They do not require you to bore and install bulkhead in the filter system.
  • They are also quiet compared to others as they operate under the water.

Disadvantages of the submersible water pump

  • There is a big problem with big pumps. This is because this type of pump is water cooled. This means that water around the system will be subjected to heat which cannot be suitable for the fish in your aquarium.
  • For the big pumps also, there will be a little space for the pump in the filter’s sump. So, you need to consider the dimension of the submerged pump before buying it.
  • In the case of the pump getting damaged it will be difficult to note it faster as it is inside the water. It, therefore, should be checked from time to time.

In-line water pumps

These types of pumps are used outside the water. They are connected to an inlet hose and outlet hose used to filter the water in the aquarium.

Advantages of an in-line water pump

  • This type of water pump is air cooled. This means that it does not result in the heating of the water.
  • They are more powerful. They are able to pump more gallons of water per hour.

In-line pumps can be installed in one or two configurations. There is the pressure set up and the free-flow configurations.  One example of such pumps that can be installed in two configurations is the Lifegard Quiet One. Other types of in-line pumps can only be used in one configuration.

In-line pressure setups

Here, the filter is placed before the canister filtration system. The pump pushes water under the pressure into the canister system. Pumps in this set up receive a considerable amount of back pressure from the filtration device. There are some like Little Giant MDQ series that are specifically designed to handle back pressure with much ease.

In-line free-flow setups

In this set up the pump is placed after the filtration has already taken place. The pump moves the filtered water from the sump back into the aquarium or through UV sterilizers or protein skimmers. They are, therefore, able to pump more water with less effort. Some like Little Giant MDQX series are built for maximum efficiency in low-pressure situations.

Source: https://m.liveaquaria.com/article/138/?aid=138

How To Cool A Grow Tent Using Air Conditioner

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When you decide to use a grow tent for your gardening, you need to understand clearly how to control the environment. One of the basic and most important things to consider is the temperature inside the grow room.  Lets learn how to achieve go about this.

Air Conditioner

Importance of regulating the temperature

Grow tents involve creating an environment similar to an outside one for your plants. It is all about giving your plants all the necessary things they get from the environment.

From light to temperature, soil to fertilizer considerations, all these make a grow tent a great gardening experience. It is one of the most preferred green gardening methods today.

The main reason why people use indoor gardening is lack of enough space outdoor. Grow tent gardening is not the same as green houses though. Many people get confused about the two methods.

A grow tent is more advantageous because it gives you the ability to manipulate all conditions to your liking. It allows you give your plants maximum benefits. In return, you get a lot of harvest from a small place.

Regulating the temperature keeps your plants alive!

 Depending on your preference, you can have as many grow rooms as you like. Some people like one big grow room, while others will rather go for two or more small tents.

grow tent

What causes air to increase?

In all these situations, lighting is very important. There are different kinds of lighting systems made specifically for grow tents.

Light causes heat. And the last thing you want is your plants withering and dying out because of too much heat. You need a good temperature control tools in place.

And that is where a grow tent ac unit comes in. The unit may come together with the lighting system, or you can buy/create you home at home separately. The bottom line is, it is something you don’t want to miss in your system.

How to use the air conditioner

A lot of people find themselves in dilemma on how to use the ac. It becomes an even bigger headache during the hot season – summer. Sometimes it becomes so bad that some gardeners may decide to postpone the whole process until summer passes by.

But it does not have to be thus for you. You can use a portable air conditioner for this process. Here is how.

Step 1: Get the right AC system

A good choice for an ac is not going to be easy. Now that you have so many things to consider, it goes beyond portability. The best ac for grow tent has the following features.

The brand

Every home gardener is faithful for particular brands. However, it is not just about brand loyalty. Newer machines are coming up to take over old electrics.

For this reason, consider the features that are present in the item you are purchasing. Even if the brand is big, you still need to get your on the ideal conditioner.

The type

There are three main types of ACs for grow rooms. They include portable, split and window AC. This is a very important choice to make for the value of your money.

Seasons Energy Efficiency ratio (SEER)

Some people know it as the EER and it means the standard for measuring energy consumption. No one wants to buy and AC system that consumes a lot of power. Buy the ac that has a higher rating because in the end, the output should be higher than the input.

Check the filter

One of the major causes of death to plants in a grow room is toxicity. This is why all ac systems come with filters to ensure plants are getting clean air. Even so, there are some filters that may not give good service, therefore be careful to put this into consideration.

The control system

There are a lot of improvements in modern air conditioners. One of them is auto-control features that a lot of people overlook. It is important to confirm that the feature is there and is working properly. Check for things like timers that you can use to set when the ac comes on and when it goes off. You don’t need to keep coming on site to do this.

Proper ventilation features

The main purpose of an air conditioner is providing maximum air supply and cools the plants. This means, air flow is very important. Get and AC that has adjustable airspaces that allow for maximum air flow.

Compatibility with other electrical tools

Consider things such as, voltage input/output, power coders and plugs. These are crucial in the compatibility and usefulness of your ac. If you don’t handle this, you may find yourself with something you cannot use.

The warranty

The ac you buy may be faulty. You will only realize this once you start using it. This is why the warranty is one vital component of such products. This will take care of repairs and maintenance and repairs for the period stated.

Step 2: Install

Once you are sure this is the right item, the next step is to install. Make sure you have checked all the requirements properly and use the instructions book. Installing is very easy.  Before that, here are the prerequisites:

  • It should be a near a power source. Manufacturers discourage using extensions codes.
  • Keep it away from children
  • Place it is a well ventilated area
  • Check the user manual.

Step 3: Set it right

Temperature and humidity are the two vital conditions you want to set right in your grow tent. This means you must learn the needs of your plants and set the appropriately.

Set the system to automatic application to avoid forgetting to turn it on. This will also give you a chance to do other things.

Conclusion

Using the air conditioner is the best way to keep the temperature of your grow tent under control. Using it correctly is therefore key to getting the most out of it. One can never overlook how much plants rely on proper temperature and humidity. The instructions and ideas shared above should be enough to get you started.

Others:

12 Tips for Gardening in Grow Tents

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If you have a small outdoor space yet you love gardening, using grow tents is the best option. They have become a very common method people use today to get fresh farm produce.

Grow tents are very convenient in every manner. If you do it right, there are a lot of benefits you can reap from them. It is not only the best way to save on groceries, but it’s a perfect method for healthy eating.

The problem is, most people don’t really know where to begin. Even if you have the space, there are things you need to put into consideration.

For instance, you need the best plants, the best grow tent humidifier, and a great source of inspiration among other. And you are at the right place to get all these insights. We are going to share great tips to get you started.

grow tent

Understand your priorities

In other words, you need to have a plan. Understand the importance of the whole process both on a personal level and an economic level as well.

Gardening is all about passion. Even though many people do it as a secondary activity, it is still something that needs motivation. You have to want to do it.

If you have no interest in what you are doing, then everything else becomes a by the way. You will not be concerned fully about what happens to your garden.

Choose a good location

This is one of the reasons a plan is very vital.   A grow tent may require special attention from you. The location you choose should be especially dedicated for at least a few months.

Set your garden in an area you can access easily. Where you can bring in all the requirements like light and all other staff with ease.

The electrical circuit you choose should be able to handle all the power needs of your grow room. Therefore go for something strong enough.

Accidents and spills are inevitable. They can happen when you least expect. This is why you are advised to avoid setting the grow room over carpets and wooden floors.

Allow for enough room to grow

Just because you are putting the garden indoors, it does not mean that now you have to squeeze your space tight. Remember that this is just like your garden outside that needs to expand.

There is more space needed than just the garden itself. For instance, keep in mind a place to store equipments. Besides, some plants need a lot of space to grow and expand.

Things like ballast for your lighting system, a reservoir, the ac unit, and many others require enough storage. Arrange you room in such a manner that it gives you good access to each of these items.  You have to tent over the plants for a few weeks before the harvest is ready. That will require good spacing.

growing indoor

You can use 2 grow tents

Grow tents perform best according to their sizes. If you think one large tent will be a problem for you, then go ahead and use one small and one medium size tents.

Two tents enable you to grow plants on a scale that you can manage with ease. It adds versatility when you are growing short-days plants. Set one tent for summer and the other one for fall. The aim here is to get your harvest spread over different periods.

You will have farm produce all year round. When you are preparing one, the other will be ready for harvest.

One big tent is still ok

There are some gardening techniques that are only suitable for single tent gardening. They include Nutrition Film Technique, and other hydroponic methods. In essence, these methods are applicable where the plants are not easily moved. They spend most all their time in adjusted conditions environment.

Canopy control is achieved with ease when all plants are in the same place.

The way you plan your gardening greatly impacts what comes out. You can make is easy and enjoyable, or really hard.

Check the quality

Do you have the best humidifier for grow tent and grow room? Are you sure of the stability and the frame?

When buying a grow tent, do not be in a hurry to get just anything that is presented before you. Take time to inspect is clearly. The questions above should not leave any room for doubt in your mind. Pay attention to the front zipper and you will use this most frequently.

Check different venting options

Now that you have established the quality of your tent, what venting options do you have? There are some access codes that are not clear at the beginning.

Consider things like running cors, venting or irrigation plumbing among others. The more the options you have, the better.

Read the instructions carefully

This is one part that is most challenging for many people. They are too focused on making plants grow in the tent that they forget to read the instructions.

During the assembly, take your time to go through every little detail. Do not be in a hurry to finish. If anything happens on the tent due to your mistake, you will lose the warranty.

Get some meters

Since you are in the same room, or perhaps a different one – whatever the case, you will need to check on the plants from time to time. Get a thermometer, a humidity meter and any other important tool that will ensure the environment is safe for both the plants and your family.

Get the right light for your room

Lighting should match the size of your room. This will ensure proper cooling ability, considering lights many increase the temperature in your tent.

Get some handy hangers

It is easy to get some light-duty carabineers and things like that. They are often found in camping sites and can be a great plus in supporting your tent.

Follow the rules

In every state, there are rules and regulations for using grow rooms. For instance, find the right kind of plants for your tent.

Aside from that, keep your grow tent under optimal environment. As mentioned above, safety comes first, for your plants and the people you live with.

Other: How To Cool A Grow Tent Using Air Conditioner