Sweet potatoes are forward crops that can thrive in hot
conditions and resistant ones they are grown. This crop does not need high
fertility of soil nor even a lot of organic matter for its growth. Planting of
this crop comes later than most of the spring plants which gives you a chance
to deal with transplanting first. After sweet potato plants cover the surface,
they need less attention apart from just watering them until when they are
There are so many people who refer sweet potatoes as yams,
but that is not right. Sweet potatoes are relatives to morning glory plants.
They are roots and not tubers and so cannot even resemble yams. A true yam is a
tropical tuber and not morning glory relatives. That is all about. That is all
One baked sweet potato which is 114 grams contain 185% RDA
of vitamin A, 28% the RDA of vitamin C, 100% OF VITAMIN E, 160 calories and a lot of antioxidants. It
has no fat.
The main threat to sweet potatoes are deer and are best
controlled with guns, dogs, and fences.
Varieties Of Sweet Potatoes:
Georgia jet-This is the modern variety which can grow to maturity in just 90 days
Traditional sweet potatoes- they can be yellow, purple and white
Ornamental sweet potatoes- they are normally used for beauty purposes. You can get some with a fancy cut or heart-shaped leaves
Bunch Porto Ricco- they have short vines, and they are the most suitable for places with less space.
Requirements For The Growth Of Sweet Potatoes
You only need sunshine and warmth to grow sweet potato
crops. Fast maturing sweet potato plants require about 1200 growing degree days
(GDD) when calculated on a base temperature of 55 degrees F to yield good
produce. Using black plastic mulch, hoophouse
or row cover can help to increase the GDD. Day time temperatures of 90 degrees
F with 70 degrees F nights.
How To Grow Sweet Potatoes
Sweet potatoes are usually planted two weeks after the last
frost. The soil which you use to plant sweet potatoes should reach a
temperature of 65 degrees F at a depth of four inches on four consecutive days.
Some prefer to transfer sweet potato slips from the
greenhouse when they have grown about two leaves rather than rushing them out
to the field.
For the big potatoes, you need to plant the slips vertically.
For the average ones but rather large total yields, you need to plant the sweet
potato slips horizontally 2-3 inches down the soil. You need to have 3-5 leaf
nodes underneath the soil and only the tip outside. This helps to give the
plant a second chance to grow if frost strikes it.
If you are planting during a dry season, you need to water
the soil first and then leave the soil in the damp compost as you are planting.
When planting sweet potatoes, the soil is normally raised to reduce damage during
the floods. You can raise the sweet potato hills before you plant the sweet
But if you are planting your sweet potatoes in colder areas,
you need to use black plastic mulch in order to warm the already formed hills.
You need to do that about three weeks before you transfer your sweet potato
slips. Using black plastic mulch also increases the rate of growth of the sweet
potatoes and also increase the amount of yield.
There are those who have planted sweet potatoes on bare
grounds and then used the over-head irrigation system. This is good though as
it ensures that plants get adequate water during growth, but the problem is
that this type of irrigation of the plant results to the growth of bad weeds
around the crop.
Due to the shortcomings of overhead irrigation, most people
are now using drip tape for irrigation. The good thing with this type of
irrigation is that it results in a few weeds and also reduces the amount of
water that goes to waste. The only difficulty when using drip irrigation is that
it is difficult to keep the drip tape on the ridge. Luckily, there is a way.
People now plant sweet potato sleeps on the alternate sides of the tape.
These days, people are using ridges, drip tape, and
biodegradable plastic mulch and surprisingly, they experience fewer weeds!
Using biodegradable plastic
Biodegradable plastics are good in that they warm the soil
and also helps to get higher yields out of sweet potatoes. It also makes the
grown weeds to biodegrade after a few weeks and therefore, do not need you to
remove the weeds yourself.
Stages of sweet potato development
Your sweet potato plants won’t grow during the first few
weeks of transplanting the plant. But that shouldn’t make you to worry. That is
the stage of root development. Sweet potato roots can go up to 8 cm down the
ground in 40 days. You just need to apply an inch of water per week as it is
needed by the plant and then pull the weeds when they appear.
During the second month, the vines start to grow. The roots
start to store starch and sugar close to the base of the stem. You will realize
that the weeds will stop growing ones the vines cover the ground.
After about three to four months, sweet potatoes start growing, and vines slow down its growth. Unlike the white potatoes, which usually die when the tip stops growing, sweet potatoes do not stop growing, and so you can decide when you want to dig them out before the onset of the cold weather.
The longer you wait before you dig them out, the bigger the potato grows. The problem with waiting is that you cannot be sure of the weather. You need to make ensure that you dig the potatoes out before the temperatures go below 55 degrees F. when this happens, you risk your potatoes being permanently damaged.
Whether you are new to aquarium activities or an experienced one, your main objective is to have a healthy and thriving aquatic environment for your water plants and animals. To achieve that, one of the most important things that you need to do is to make the right decision when choosing the right aquarium water pumps.
When you want to buy a water pump, there are several things
that you need to consider. Apart from the type of water pump and the size,
there are also some other important things that you need to look at. Here are
things that you need to look at when choosing an aquarium air pump.
It is crucial for you to know the type of filter system that
is best for the type of aquarium that you are planning for. Actually, the type
of filter paper that you choose will determine the type of water pump that you
Desired flow rate
You need to know if the inhabitants of your aquarium, either
fish or aquarium plants require a greater flow rate of the water like the
saltwater fish or just a little flow rate like the planted aquarium. You,
therefore, need to research on the flow rate that is fit for the type of
aquarium that you are planning for.
Plumbing and head point
You need to know the type of plumbing that will be installed
in your aquarium. Are you going to use a lot of elbows or sharp turns in your
aquarium? You also need to know where your filtration system will be located.
Will it be directly under the aquarium? Will it be in the basement or in
another room? It is also important to consider the total distance the pump will
be required to pump the water.
Height is also an important thing that you need to consider when choosing a water pump. This is because very high heights which are more than 6 feet create high levels of back pressure.
You also need to know if your aquarium will need additional
filtration services or not. Will it require temperature control devices like
the UV sterilizers or not? Protein skimmers or chillers?
You need to know that apart from the water pump powering
your filtration system and enabling water movement in your aquarium, water
pumps also help to power other devices that are important in the aquarium like
the protein skimmers. They also help to drain or fill the tank. Apart from all
those, water pumps also help to mix up salty water in holding tanks for water
If you are looking for a water pump to power your filtration
system, there are two different types that you can consider to buy. You can buy
the submersible one or the he in-line one. You can also consider buying water
pumps like Mag Drive Pumps and the Eheim hobby pumps that can be used both for
submersible and in-line purposes.
Submersible water pumps
Submersible water pumps are operated underwater, in the sump
of a wet/dry filtration system. They get draw water from the filter and push it
back to the tank or through other systems such as sterilization units or
Advantages of submersible water pump
They are easy to install. They do not require
you to bore and install bulkhead in the filter system.
They are also quiet compared to others as they
operate under the water.
Disadvantages of the submersible water pump
There is a big problem with big pumps. This is
because this type of pump is water cooled. This means that water around the
system will be subjected to heat which cannot be suitable for the fish in your
For the big pumps also, there will be a little
space for the pump in the filter’s sump. So, you need to consider the dimension
of the submerged pump before buying it.
In the case of the pump getting damaged it will
be difficult to note it faster as it is inside the water. It, therefore, should
be checked from time to time.
In-line water pumps
These types of pumps are used outside the water. They are
connected to an inlet hose and outlet hose used to filter the water in the
Advantages of an in-line water pump
This type of water pump is air cooled. This
means that it does not result in the heating of the water.
They are more powerful. They are able to pump
more gallons of water per hour.
In-line pumps can be installed in one or two configurations.
There is the pressure set up and the free-flow configurations. One example of such pumps that can be
installed in two configurations is the Lifegard Quiet One. Other types of
in-line pumps can only be used in one configuration.
In-line pressure setups
Here, the filter is placed before the canister filtration
system. The pump pushes water under the pressure into the canister system.
Pumps in this set up receive a considerable amount of back pressure from the
filtration device. There are some like Little Giant MDQ series that are
specifically designed to handle back pressure with much ease.
In-line free-flow setups
In this set up the pump is placed after the filtration has already taken place. The pump moves the filtered water from the sump back into the aquarium or through UV sterilizers or protein skimmers. They are, therefore, able to pump more water with less effort. Some like Little Giant MDQX series are built for maximum efficiency in low-pressure situations.
When you decide to use a grow tent for your gardening, you need to understand clearly how to control the environment. One of the basic and most important things to consider is the temperature inside the grow room. Lets learn how to achieve go about this.
Importance of regulating the temperature
Grow tents involve creating an environment similar to an outside one for your plants. It is all about giving your plants all the necessary things they get from the environment.
From light to temperature, soil to fertilizer
considerations, all these make a grow tent a great gardening experience. It is
one of the most preferred green gardening methods today.
The main reason why people use indoor gardening is lack of
enough space outdoor. Grow tent gardening is not the same as green houses
though. Many people get confused about the two methods.
A grow tent is more advantageous because it gives you the
ability to manipulate all conditions to your liking. It allows you give your
plants maximum benefits. In return, you get a lot of harvest from a small
Regulating the temperature keeps your plants alive!
Depending on your preference, you can have as many grow rooms as you like. Some people like one big grow room, while others will rather go for two or more small tents.
What causes air to increase?
In all these situations, lighting is very important. There
are different kinds of lighting systems made specifically for grow tents.
Light causes heat. And the last thing you want is your
plants withering and dying out because of too much heat. You need a good
temperature control tools in place.
And that is where a grow tent ac unit comes in. The unit may come together with the lighting system, or you can buy/create you home at home separately. The bottom line is, it is something you don’t want to miss in your system.
How to use the air conditioner
A lot of people find themselves in dilemma on how to use the
ac. It becomes an even bigger headache during the hot season – summer. Sometimes
it becomes so bad that some gardeners may decide to postpone the whole process
until summer passes by.
But it does not have to be thus for you. You can use a
portable air conditioner for this process. Here is how.
Step 1: Get the right AC system
A good choice for an ac is not going to be easy. Now that you have so many things to consider, it goes beyond portability. The best ac for grow tent has the following features.
Every home gardener is faithful for particular brands.
However, it is not just about brand loyalty. Newer machines are coming up to
take over old electrics.
For this reason, consider the features that are present in
the item you are purchasing. Even if the brand is big, you still need to get
your on the ideal conditioner.
There are three main types of ACs for grow rooms. They
include portable, split and window AC. This is a very important choice to make
for the value of your money.
Seasons Energy Efficiency ratio (SEER)
Some people know it as the EER and it means the standard for
measuring energy consumption. No one wants to buy and AC system that consumes a
lot of power. Buy the ac that has a higher rating because in the end, the
output should be higher than the input.
Check the filter
One of the major causes of death to plants in a grow room is
toxicity. This is why all ac systems come with filters to ensure plants are
getting clean air. Even so, there are some filters that may not give good
service, therefore be careful to put this into consideration.
The control system
There are a lot of improvements in modern air conditioners.
One of them is auto-control features that a lot of people overlook. It is
important to confirm that the feature is there and is working properly. Check
for things like timers that you can use to set when the ac comes on and when it
goes off. You don’t need to keep coming on site to do this.
Proper ventilation features
The main purpose of an air conditioner is providing maximum
air supply and cools the plants. This means, air flow is very important. Get
and AC that has adjustable airspaces that allow for maximum air flow.
Compatibility with other electrical tools
Consider things such as, voltage input/output, power coders
and plugs. These are crucial in the compatibility and usefulness of your ac. If
you don’t handle this, you may find yourself with something you cannot use.
The ac you buy may be faulty. You will only realize this
once you start using it. This is why the warranty is one vital component of
such products. This will take care of repairs and maintenance and repairs for
the period stated.
Step 2: Install
Once you are sure this is the right item, the next step is
to install. Make sure you have checked all the requirements properly and use
the instructions book. Installing is very easy.
Before that, here are the prerequisites:
It should be a near a power source.
Manufacturers discourage using extensions codes.
Keep it away from children
Place it is a well ventilated area
Check the user manual.
Step 3: Set it right
Temperature and humidity are the two vital conditions you
want to set right in your grow tent. This means you must learn the needs of
your plants and set the appropriately.
Set the system to automatic application to avoid forgetting
to turn it on. This will also give you a chance to do other things.
Using the air conditioner is the best way to keep the temperature of your grow tent under control. Using it correctly is therefore key to getting the most out of it. One can never overlook how much plants rely on proper temperature and humidity. The instructions and ideas shared above should be enough to get you started.
If you have a small outdoor space yet you love gardening,
using grow tents is the best option. They have become a very common method
people use today to get fresh farm produce.
Grow tents are very convenient in every manner. If you do it right, there are a lot of benefits you can reap from them. It is not only the best way to save on groceries, but it’s a perfect method for healthy eating.
The problem is, most people don’t really know where to
begin. Even if you have the space, there are things you need to put into
For instance, you need the best plants, the best grow tent humidifier, and a great source of inspiration among other. And you are at the right place to get all these insights. We are going to share great tips to get you started.
Understand your priorities
In other words, you need to have a plan. Understand the
importance of the whole process both on a personal level and an economic level
Gardening is all about passion. Even though many people do
it as a secondary activity, it is still something that needs motivation. You
have to want to do it.
If you have no interest in what you are doing, then
everything else becomes a by the way. You will not be concerned fully about
what happens to your garden.
Choose a good location
This is one of the reasons a plan is very vital. A grow tent may require special attention
from you. The location you choose should be especially dedicated for at least a
Set your garden in an area
you can access easily. Where you can
bring in all the requirements like light and all other staff with ease.
The electrical circuit you choose should be able to handle
all the power needs of your grow room. Therefore go for something strong
Accidents and spills are inevitable. They can happen when you least expect. This is why you are advised to avoid setting the grow room over carpets and wooden floors.
Allow for enough room to grow
Just because you are putting the garden indoors, it does not
mean that now you have to squeeze your space tight. Remember that this is just
like your garden outside that needs to expand.
There is more space needed than just the garden itself. For
instance, keep in mind a place to store equipments. Besides, some plants need a
lot of space to grow and expand.
Things like ballast for your lighting system, a reservoir, the ac unit, and many others require enough storage. Arrange you room in such a manner that it gives you good access to each of these items. You have to tent over the plants for a few weeks before the harvest is ready. That will require good spacing.
You can use 2 grow tents
Grow tents perform best according to their sizes. If you
think one large tent will be a problem for you, then go ahead and use one small
and one medium size tents.
Two tents enable you to grow plants on a scale that you can
manage with ease. It adds versatility when you are growing short-days plants.
Set one tent for summer and the other one for fall. The aim here is to get your
harvest spread over different periods.
You will have farm produce all year round. When you are
preparing one, the other will be ready for harvest.
One big tent is still ok
There are some gardening techniques that are only suitable
for single tent gardening. They include Nutrition Film Technique, and other
hydroponic methods. In essence, these methods are applicable where the plants
are not easily moved. They spend most all
their time in adjusted conditions environment.
Canopy control is achieved with ease when all plants are in
the same place.
The way you plan your gardening greatly impacts what comes
out. You can make is easy and enjoyable,
or really hard.
When buying a grow tent, do not be in a hurry to get just
anything that is presented before you. Take time to inspect is clearly. The
questions above should not leave any room for doubt in your mind. Pay attention
to the front zipper and you will use this most frequently.
Check different venting options
Now that you have established the quality of your tent, what
venting options do you have? There are some access codes that are not clear at
Consider things like running cors, venting or irrigation
plumbing among others. The more the options you have, the better.
Read the instructions carefully
This is one part that is most challenging for many people.
They are too focused on making plants grow in the tent that they forget to read
During the assembly, take your time to go through every
little detail. Do not be in a hurry to finish. If anything happens on the tent
due to your mistake, you will lose the warranty.
Get some meters
Since you are in the same room, or perhaps a different one –
whatever the case, you will need to check on the plants from time to time. Get
a thermometer, a humidity meter and any other important tool that will ensure
the environment is safe for both the plants and your family.
Get the right light for your room
Lighting should match the size of your room. This will ensure proper cooling ability, considering lights many increase the temperature in your tent.
Get some handy hangers
It is easy to get some light-duty carabineers and things
like that. They are often found in camping sites and can be a great plus in
supporting your tent.
Follow the rules
In every state, there are rules and regulations for using
grow rooms. For instance, find the right kind of plants for your tent.
Aside from that, keep your grow tent under optimal environment. As mentioned above, safety comes first, for your plants and the people you live with.